Monthly Archives: June 2014


 Scapula

1 Scapula-Front-and-Back-

1 Scapula-Front-and-Back-

Bones areas to remember:

  1. Shoulder blades are called the “Scapulas”
  2. Spine of the Scapula
  3. The two bones the makes up the AC Joint are the Acromion & Clavical
  4.  The Short Head Biceps Tendon attaches to the Coracoid Process of the Scapula
  5. Superior Boarder
  6. Inferior Angle
  7. Supraspinous Fossa- Infraspinous Fossa & Subscapular Fossa (This is where the Rotator Cuff Muscles- Infraspinatus,Supraspinatus and the Subscapular attach)
  8. Glenoid cavity, sometimes called the Glenoid Fossa (Where the head of the Humerus attaches)


 Share

Bones and areas to remember:

  1. 5 Lumbar Vertebrae

  2. Spinous Process

  3. Transverse Process

  4. Body of the vertebrae

{Lumbar Spine Vertebra Anatomy}

{Lumbar Spine Vertebra Anatomy}

Lumbar Vertebra Side View

Lumbar Vertebra Side View


 Share

{Diagram of cervical vertebrae}

{Diagram of cervical vertebrae}

{Top Cervical Vertebrae C1 & C2}

{Top Cervical Vertebrae C1 & C2}

There are seven 7 cervical bones, but 8 cervical spinal nerves. The Cervical vertebrae are the smallest and most delicate of all the vertebrae. The cervical vertebrae are numbered from top-to-bottom starting with C1 and ending at C7. The atlas (C1) and axis (C2), are the vertebrae that allow the neck and head more movement than all the vertebrae. The Occipital joint allows the skull to move up and down, while the axial joint allows the upper neck to twist left and right.

Bones and areas to remember:

  1. There are 7 cervical vertebrae, but 8 cervical nerves.
  2. C1 is the Atlas. C2 is the Axis
  3. Transverse Process
  4. Spinous Process
  5. Body of the vertebrae
  6. The cervical vertebrae allow greater range of motion than all the other vertebrae.
{Cervical Vertebra}

{Cervical Vertebra}

This is the base of the skull showing the "Foramen Magnum" which is the large opening to the skull from the occipital bone of the cranium through which the spinal cord connects to the medulla oblongata of the brainstem.

This is the base of the skull showing the “Foramen Magnum” which is the large opening to the skull from the occipital bone of the cranium through which the spinal cord connects to the medulla oblongata of the brainstem.

This illustration is the Cervical Vertebrae and its connection to the skull which protects the spinal cord

This illustration is the Cervical Vertebrae and its connection to the skull which protects the spinal cord.


 Share

Foot & Ankle Bones

 

Bones to remember:

1.Talus Bone

2.Tibia, Fibula, and Talus bones all form the ankle joint.

3.The heal bone is called the Calcaneus.

4.The toe bones are called the Metatarsals & Phalanges

5. Navicular

6. Cuboid

This illustration shows the Tibia, Fibula connection to the Talus Bone forming the ankle joint.

This illustration shows the Tibia, Fibula connection to the Talus Bone forming the ankle joint.

Bones of the foot separated and labled

Bones of the foot separated and labled

 

Bones of foot and ankle labeled

Bones of foot and ankle labeled

Foot bone from side view-Try to label them without looking at the other illustrations.

Foot bone from side view-Try to label them without looking at the other illustrations.


 Share

Femur & Pelvic Bone Connection

 

Bones and area to remember:

  1. The thigh bone is called the “Femur”.

  2. The Femur has a Greater & Lessor Trochanter.

  3. Know the “Head” of the Femur and that it attaches to the hip joint called the “Acetabulum”.

  4. Lateral & Medial “Epicondyles”

Femur detailed with Head of the Femur, Greater & Lesser Trochanter, Medial & Lateral Epicondyles

Femur detailed with Head of the Femur, Greater & Lesser Trochanter, Medial & Lateral Epicondyles

Single view of the Femur Bone

Single view of the Femur Bone

Hip joint with Femur connection to hip joint

Hip joint with Femur connection to hip joint


 Share

Humerus, Radius & Ulna

Bones to remember:

    1. Humerus Bone
    2. Head of the Humerus
    3. Lessor & Great Tubrecule
    4. Deltoid Tuberosity (Where the deltoid muscle connects)
    5. Medial & Lateral Epicondyles
    6. Forearm bones Radius & Ulna
Humerus Bone

Humerus Bone


 Share

{Skeletal Introduction p156}

{Skeletal Introduction p156}

{Skeletal back  front Anterior  Posterior) Views}

{Skeleton back & front views (Anterior Posterior)}

 

{Skeletal Introduction p157}

{Skeletal Introduction Cervical-Thoracic-Lumbar p157}

{Low Back (Lumbar) spine and discs Front View (Anterior View)}

{Low Back (Lumbar) spine and discs Front View (Anterior View)}

{Low Back( Lumbar) Spine and Disc}

{Low Back( Lumbar) Spine and Disc}

{Vertebral Column (Spine) Diagram showing Vertebra Groups ( Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral )}

{Vertebral Column (Spine) Diagram showing Vertebra Groups ( Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral )}

{Skeletal P158}

{Skeletal P158}

 

{Skeletal Sacrum}

{Skeletal Sacrum}

{Skeletal Coccyx bone is the ending tail like structure)

{Coccyx bone is the ending tail like structure}

{Skeletal Introduction p159}

{Skeletal Introduction p159}

{Ex-ray of Scoliosis curve in Lumbar}

{Ex-ray of Scoliosis curve in Lumbar}

{Under portion of the skull showing Foramen Magnum the entry point for the cervical vertebrae to the brain}

{Under portion of the skull showing Foramen Magnum the entry point for the cervical vertebrae to the brain}

{Cervical spine in red}

{Cervical spine in red}

{Skeletal Introduction p160}

{Skeletal Introduction p160}

{Spine disc differences showing normal-degenerative-bulging-herniated-thinning }

{Spine disc differences showing normal-degenerative-bulging-herniated-thinning }

{Fibular Peronius Longus connecting to the Tibia Bone }

{Fibular Peronius Longus connecting to the Tibia Bone}


Pelvic Girdle & Sacrum Bone

Areas to remember are:

1- iliac Crest

2- ilium

3- Sacroiliac Joint (Connection of the Sacrum and ilium)

4- Ischium

5- Pubic Symphysis ( The cartilage the connect the two separate sides if the pelvic bone together)

6- Sacrum

7- Coccyx (The small tail like bone under the sacrum)

8- Sacrum Foramen

 

 

 

{Pelvic girdle-Ischium Iliac Crest}

Pelvic girdle-Ischium & Iliac Crest

 

 


 Share

{ Skull with Names}

{ Skull with Names}

 

  1.    The bones to remember are:

1- Parietal Bone

2- Frontal Bone

3- Occipital Bone

4- Zygomatic Bone

5- Maxillary Bone

6- Mandible

7- Foramen Magnum opening to the skull
 

{Skeletal l Skull test Mandibal}

{Skull Mandibal}

{Skull maxilary }

{Skull maxilary }

{Skeleton Skull Showing Foramen Magnum}

{Under portion of the Skull showing Foramen Magnum which is the opening for the spine to connect to the brain}